Click here for the PDF of the article as it originally appeared in the PAE employee magazine.
For decades, PAE has performed CSS services for the Department of State (DoS), Department of Defense (DoD), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA) and other federal agencies around the world. Along the way, PAE has been influential in shaping standards and requirements for these activities.
PAE's niche capability for providing site security during the construction of facilities designated to handle classified materials expanded as the government created standards for constructing and managing secure spaces. In 2010, Intelligence Community Directive (ICD) 705.1 for Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities (SCIF) was issued to mandate how facilities are built, inspected and reported.
Business Growth and Innovation Parallel Customer Needs
By developing best practices and innovations in tandem with customer requirements, PAE is now the largest provider of CSS services and an industry leader within the DoD and Intelligence Community. CSS projects include: high-technical threat locations such as the $23.7M U.S. Embassy in Beijing, China project; $11M Consolidated Intelligence Center in Germany project; and domestic projects such as the $56M National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA) at Springfield, Virginia headquarters project, which to this day is the largest CSS program undertaken by the U.S. government. Unlike most other companies, PAE's experience at NGA includes managing and performing CSS that meets ICD 705 standards. "CSS request for proposals now require innovations developed by PAE, such as electronic documentation and employees trained in government approved courses," said Director of CSS Programs Nick Moen.
CSS Protects SCIFs
The primary purpose of CSS is to protect SCIFs from hostile intelligence services, individuals or groups with an agenda to bring harm to the U.S government, and to prevent the penetration of clandestine devices during construction.
The CSS program in South Korea provides temporary construction security infrastructure, equipment and services, and construction security surveillance services to support secure construction projects in accordance with ICD 705 and DoD policies.
There are two primary categories of personnel that work on this project: Cleared American Guards (CAGs) and Construction Surveillance Technicians (CSTs). CAGs provide perimeter security and manage alarm and camera systems, access rosters, x-ray machines and badging. CSTs usually have a construction or security counterintelligence background. They confirm and inspect, record and report on the security of construction material acquisition, transportation, storage and use during construction.
Success Rooted in Training
Effective training is the basis of PAE's successful CSS programs, especially with YRP. PAE created the first 40-hour CAG/CST and 20-hour Site Security Manager (SSM) training courses built around the ICD-705. Through this training, PAE trains and certifies CSTs and CAGs to government standards outside the confines of government offered courses, to ensure constant availability of highly trained personnel. PAE also developed a subject matter expert training course focused on construction management, construction of access control facilities, secure storage areas and technical security systems.
Having completed the DoS CAG/CST and SSM training, Program Manager for Operation Resolute Support, Combined Security Transition Command Afghanistan USACE Liaison Officer Jason Cade judged the PAE CST training program comparable to the DoS programs. He said the PAE training focused on "specific components required in a construction security program as explained in ICD-705 and less on systems we do not use." According to Jason, other benefits included "the ability for PAE instructors to adjust course material to meet project specific needs such as construction schedule, location, duration and scope."
Since 2009, PAE has successfully trained over 750 employees, active duty personnel and government customers. PAE has developed and deployed hundreds of site security personnel to mitigate risk for end users, allowing construction to be completed with no delays caused by security or accreditation.
Recordkeeping and documentation are the backbone of PAE CSS services management. PAE provides customers with electronic documentation of all project events as an added benefit at no additional cost. Documentation ensures site integrity and keeps the Contracting Officer's Representative apprised of day-to-day actions on the project. It also includes access to control logs, close-in checklists, incident reports, anomalies, and work performed by the general contractor and their subcontractors. Executed on iPads, electronic documentation standardizes the reporting language, streamlining the process through customized dropdown pick lists, site specific blueprints and photographic documentation. Recently, PAE electronic documentation allowed a current customer to refute false claims and billing by a general contractor, and to check history of work over a four-year period by a subcontractor that came under investigation.
"PAE has done a very good job managing the security for one of the largest secure projects in Korea," said USACE YRP Program Manager David Chai. "They have done a great job coordinating and working with the construction contractor, and communication with their leadership has been very effective. There is little doubt that with their support, this facility will be accredited."